Murmansk is located on the Kola Gulf in the Barents Sea in Russia. It is 25 miles north of Leningrad (St. Petersburg),and about 35 miles from the open sea. It is the largest city in the world north of the Arctic Circle, and is the principal base for the Russian deep sea fishing fleet and the home of the Arctic Fisheries and Oceanography Research Institutes.
The port of Murmansk is ice free, and is kept open all winter by warm currents flowing up from the Gulf Stream. It was founded in 1915 as a port to receive Allied supplies for the Russian armies during WWI. It was held by Allied Interventionists from 1918 to 1920 following the Bolshevik Revolution.
In WWII the post resisted a German drive, and was again used as a port for Allied convoys bring supplies to Russian troops.
Ellis Island is located in Upper New York Bay, about 1 miles from the southwestern tip of Manhatten. It served as the principle immigration reception center in the United States between 1892 and 1943.
The island was named for Samuel Ellis, who owned it in the early 18th century. The U.S. government bought it from New York state, and used it as a fort and arsenal until 1892, when it opened the immigration center.
At the peak, one million immigrants were processed there each year.